Skip to main content

Egungun Masquerade Costume (work of art)

Artwork Info

Artist Details
Benin (Yoruba and Ouidah)
20th century-
Medium
Textile
Created
20th Century
Dimensions
H. approx. 60 in.
(152.4 cm)

About

The Yoruba peoples honor their ancestors during the annual or biennial egungun ceremony. The tailor who fashioned this egungun costume appliquéd

its panels with motifs drawn from Yoruba, Islamic, and European traditions. The wearer could see through the net face panel, which is adorned with cowrie shells, beads, and coins. When performing an acrobatic dance, he would spin rapidly so the fabric panels flew out, revealing the colorful layers of the costume.

The valuable fabrics and symbols of wealth such as cowrie shells, sequins, and beads are outward signs of the respect due to the ancestor. The inscription “AYELABOLA” on the back of the costume expresses profound regard for the moral and ethical stature of the ancestor by referring to the primordial deity, Olá, who embodies these values.

Images

  • Egungun Masquerade Costume by Yoruba artists

Related Concepts

Credit

Purchased with funds provided through a bequest from Lucile E. Moorman