Like many artists and writers of his generation, Kirchner rebelled against the conformity and predictability of modern society and preferred a more bohemian way of life. Kirchner, along with Karl Schmidt-Rottluff and others, founded Die Brücke, or The Bridge, a group of artists known as Expressionists who were influential in shaping the development of modern art in the 20th century.
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (6 May 1880 – 15 June 1938) was a German expressionist painter and printmaker and one of the founders of the artists group Die Brücke or "The Bridge", a key group leading to the foundation of Expressionism in 20th-century art. He volunteered for army service in the First World War, but soon suffered a breakdown and was discharged. In 1933, his work was branded as "degenerate" by the Nazis and in 1937, over 600 of his works were sold or destroyed. In 1938, he committed suicide by gunshot.