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Harriet Hosmer (artist)



Harriet Goodhue Hosmer was the first woman to become a professional sculptor. This was during the 19th century, when women did not have equal access to art education or opportunities to work as professional artists. Hosmer studied human anatomy and took private sculpting lessons before she became a sculptor. She sculpted Daphne as her first independent work. Although she was born and raised in America, Hosmer moved to Rome and spent most of her life there. She lived among a colony of famous American artists and writers in Rome. 

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Harriet Goodhue Hosmer (October 9, 1830 – February 21, 1908) was a neoclassical sculptor, considered the most distinguished female sculptor in America during the 19th century. She is known as the first female professional sculptor. Among other technical innovations, she pioneered a process for turning limestone into marble. Hosmer once lived in an expatriate colony in Rome, befriending many prominent writers and artists. She was a cousin of poet William H. C. Hosmer and tragic actress Jean Hosmer.