On the recommendation of Philip Johnson at New York’s Museum of Modern Art, organizers at Black Mountain...view artist
Artwork Related to this Lesson
Student Learning Objectives
- Students will learn how to either cut or tear shapes and layer them in position so they overlap one another.
- Students will identify layers in their artwork (bottom, middle, top).
- Make stacks of different papers.
- Make sure there are glue sticks and scissors for each student.
- Place assorted stacks of papers on work tables.
- Have glue sticks and scissors ready (in tubs, if available).
- Place 9 x 12” black paper aside to mount finished collages.
- Begin with a discussion of Albers’s Homage to the Square.
- Ask students to identify the shapes they see and count the squares they see. Are some hidden? Under? Over? Which color is “on top?”
- Discuss the meaning of overlapping. To demonstrate, have students overlap their hands or their arms over their legs.
- Talk about the colors in the work of art and how one can see there are different layers because of overlapping and variety in the artist’s color choices.
- Ask if anyone can share the meaning of the word “collage” with the class. Reinforce the definition if necessary.
Focus Activity Procedure
- Tell students they are going to be making collages out of shapes they will create themselves.
- Explain that they will be cutting and tearing paper to create new and interesting shapes to build their collages. Instruct them to make some big shapes, some medium shapes and some small so that they have different ways to overlap and combine their shapes and colors.
- Students should begin by choosing their colors and tearing paper to see what shapes they get. They will create a small pile of shapes in various colors.
- Pass out tubs of scissors at this point and have them cut some new shapes. Point out the difference in the edges and shapes they can now produce.
- When students have a nice variety of collage pieces, give them the glue and a full piece of 8 x 10” paper (color of their choosing) and let them make their collages, reminding them to have overlapping areas. Remind them of Homage to the Square and talk about planning a picture before they start, or just seeing what happens naturally as they play with the pieces they have made. Emphasize that both approaches are fine.
- As students finish, fix their finished work to a larger piece of black paper. Students should write their names on the back.
- Clean up.
- Gather class for closing conversation.
- Ask the students which type of piece helped make their art special. Did they prefer the cut pieces or the torn pieces?
- Hold up student work and have students take turns pointing out their favorite shape/color combinations.
- Ask students to look for art all around them at home and at school.
Written by Andrea Saenz Williams
- Student work may be used to assess students’ ability to create approximate shapes from torn paper and position them in layers.
- Ask students to name the different layers (bottom, middle, top) in their artwork.
Different papers in interesting textures and colors, nontoxic glue sticks, 9 x 12” black construction paper (to mount final work)
Extension Activities for Teachers
- Invite students on a scavenger hunt around classroom/home to find other overlapping shapes. Invite students to make a different type of collage.
Extension Activities for Families
- Think about things that overlap at home. Look at plates on your table, rugs on your floors, toys on your rug.
- Use old magazines and newspapers to cut or tear out images to make a collage as a family. What would a collage of only words look like?
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