Frank Stella’s work is characterized by changing styles. Born in Malden, MA, in 1936, he began to paint abstract pictures while in school at the Phillips Academy in Andover and then at Princeton University. Though initially influenced by Abstract Expressionism, he became interested in the idea of a painting as a physical object rather than a metaphor for something else. After moving to New York, his series of black ‘pinstripe’ paintings inspired a mixture of praise and revulsion when shown at the Museum of Modern Art’s “16 Americans” exhibition in 1959. Soon after, Stella began using flat bands of bright color, then experimenting with notched and shaped canvases. In the 1970s, he began to work with canvases that included cut-out shapes in relief. Shaped paintings developed into wall constructions with multiple projecting components and lively brush stroke patterns. By the 1990s, much of Stella’s work was three-dimensional, stressing color and curved motifs in dynamic mixed-media pieces.