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Anselm Kiefer (artista)


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Alemán nacido en los últimos meses de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, Anselm Kiefer creció entre las cenizas del Tercer Reich. Entre sus primeros recuerdos están las ciudades bombardeadas y los campos quemados, imágenes imborrables que el artista reciclaría posteriormente en su obra. Aunque Kiefer aborda con frecuencia en su arte temas históricos, incluida la época nazi, no conmemora ni ilustra. Más bien emplea la historia y la mitología (otra forma de memoria) junto con la ciencia, la literatura y la filosofía en una meditación sostenida sobre el tiempo, la existencia y el trágico curso de los acontecimientos humanos.

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Anselm Kiefer (born 8 March 1945) is a German painter and sculptor. He studied with Peter Dreher and Horst Antes at the end of the 1960s. His works incorporate materials such as straw, ash, clay, lead, and shellac. The poems of Paul Celan have played a role in developing Kiefer's themes of German history and the horrors of the Holocaust, as have the spiritual concepts of Kabbalah. In his entire body of work, Kiefer argues with the past and addresses taboo and controversial issues from recent history. Themes from Nazi rule are particularly reflected in his work; for instance, the painting Margarethe (oil and straw on canvas) was inspired by Celan's well-known poem "Todesfuge" ("Death Fugue"). His works are characterised by an unflinching willingness to confront his culture's dark past, and unrealised potential, in works that are often done on a large, confrontational scale well suited to the subjects. It is also characteristic of his work to find signatures and names of people of historical importance, legendary figures or historical places. All of these are encoded sigils through which Kiefer seeks to process the past; this has resulted in his work being linked with the movements New Symbolism and Neo–Expressionism. Kiefer has lived and worked in France since 1992. Since 2008, he has lived and worked primarily in Paris. In 2018, he was awarded Austrian citizenship.